- Xiii... but what is this, they have no shame...
- What is it Grandma, what are you talking about...?
- I don´t know my child, it is horrible to go for a walk and find peoples "pee" and "poop" on the road, in the fields and close to the rivers where people come to bathe and wash the clothes, or simply to enjoy the view. People should know that is very unpleasant besides being dangerous.
- You are right Grandma, it is true, I don´t like it either, at school the teacher says that it brings a lot of contamination.
- That is true, people haveto learn to avoid these things but let´s start by sharing a story that will teach us to be cleaner. Go call your friends to tell you all a story...
I ran out to look for my friends and did not take long to come back because we all loved grandma Elisa´s stories.
- Are you ready kids, I am going to tell you a story that talks about the goodcleaning habits of the cat, if we could all be like him we wouldnever have infections or epidemics in our village. Everybody repeat with me...
Meow! I’m the painted kitty,
The shameless are the ones I do not like to see,
Everywhere they go, they poop and pee.
Meow! They walk around with combed furs,
And next to them go their exalted owners,
They wag their tails and like jumping and barking,
Running and sniffing,
Poo and pee is all I see.
Meow! They are proud of their blood,
And yet they don’t know how to live.
Meow! How embarrassed they should be,
Digging a hole in the ground is fairly easy,
And it’s a better way to hide your poo and pee.
I wonder why they do it.
They risk their lives and the lives of their cubs,
If either of them were to be contaminated.
Meow! I think it is better to take care,
Of the order, cleanliness and purity,
Of our own lairs.
Meow! And this tip-tap,
Is my biggest joy,
Because I’m still a cat,
That likes drinking clean water and taking a bath.
I love the tip-tap, because it helps preventme,
From being sick or contaminated.
Tip-tap with soap and water,
Ashes can be a good alternative.
Meow! I’m the painted kitty,
I don’t like trash or anything smelly,
Or poo in the streets nor in the fields.
Meow! I prefer order and tidiness,
And being a good cat citizen.
The first National Sanitation Conference, of a multi-sector nature, was held in May 2014, under the leadership of the Government of Mozambique (five Ministries involved in the organisation), where it was agreed to eliminate open defecation by 2025, and guarantee universal access to water and to safe sanitation by 2030.
Under the leadership of the National Directorate of Water, UNICEF supported a national evaluation of open defecation free (ODF) communities. In 2014, a total of 872 communities were certified as open defecation free, of which 396 are communities with 100% improved family latrines. With this result, the country now has about 2,500 ODF communities – that is, about 10% of all existing communities are open defecation free.
Building the capacity of the Government’s partners for the provision of good quality water, hygiene and sanitation services, through support in training, recruitment of new staff, and district planning in 12 districts in Zambézia, 5 districts in Sofala, 4 districts in Tete, 4 districts in Manica, and 1 district and1 municipality in Nampula. In 2014, 131 government staff and implementing partners were trained, at the decentralised level, in the promotion of sanitation, hygiene and sustainability; 10 artisans were trained in producing components of improved latrines and 11 government staff in managing financial resources.
From 2012 to 2014, with the support of UNICEF, were developed Sanitation Master Plans in five villages (Ribáuè, Rapale, Mecuburi, Monapo and Namialo) which provided the local government guidelines and recommendations on the organization of water services and sanitation in the villages, in the promotion and regulation of family and institutional sanitation, waste management and identified key activities to be implemented in the short, medium and long term as well as the human resources and the budget needed to improve the sanitation situation in each district by 2025.
Since 2012, UNICEF has provided support so that 80,000 primary school children enjoy access to improved water supply and sanitation infrastructure in 20 districts in the provinces of Cabo Delgado, Nampula, Tete, Manica, Sofala and Gaza. The 2014 achievements include water supply infrastructure in 50 primary schools in the districts of Tete, Manica, Sofala and Gaza, reaching 19,000 students. Sanitation facilities in 82 primary schools in 13 districts (Angoche, Monapo, Namialo, Rapale, Angónia, Macanga, Changara, Guro, Manica, Gondola, Sussendenga, Buzi and Chibuto), reaching 59,063 pupils; 109 schools free ofopen defecation in 15 districts, benefitting 67,156 pupils (in Angónia, Macanga, Chiuta, Changara, Guro, Macossa, Manica, Gondola, Sussendenga, Machaze, Buzi, Nhamatanda, Gorongosa and Caia).
In 2014, a further 74,100 people living in rural areas in Tete, Manica and Sofala had improved access to water through the construction of 109 water supply sources.
A total of 246,200 people, 96% of whom live in rural areas, had access to improved sanitation in 2014 with the direct support of UNICEF. Cumulatively (2012-2014), 826 communities in 15 districts of Sofala (Cheringoma, Nhamatanda, Caia, Buzi, Gorongosa), Tete (Changara, Chiuta, Macanga, Angónia), Manica (Guro, Macossa, Gondola, Manica) and Zambézia (Gilé, Gurué), representing an estimated 22% of all communities in these districts were certified as having reached the stage of being open defecation free status.
In the Nampula province, in Ribáuè district, as part of thepartnership with the Government to accelerate the implementation of the management model delegated to the villages, with the support and technical assistance from UNICEF,the water supply system was inaugurated,capable of supplying up to 27,000 people, and access to improved sanitation was provided to 15,730 residents of Ribáuè Rapale and villages. An agreement worth 10 million Euros was signed between the European Union (9 million) and UNICEF (1 million) for a similar intervention in water supply in Inhambane province.